Course in Cryosphere Science

Course in Cryosphere Science
You can study wonders and the mysteries of the changing cryosphere of the Earth, including Arctic and Antarctic, and learn cryosphere science while you belong to this course.
The definition of the cryosphere is that portion of the climate system consisting of the world's ice masses and snow deposits. This includes the ice sheets, ice shelves, ice caps and glaciers, sea ice, seasonal snow cover, lake and river ice, and seasonally frozen ground and permafrost. The cryosphere acts as both an integrator and indicator of climate variability and change. The climate changes are being experienced particularly intensely in the cryosphere. Warming in the cryosphere is causing changes in nearly every part of the physical climate system. The increasingly rapid rate of recent climate change in cryosphere poses new challenges to all living species of the Earth.

Graduate School of Environmental Sceince, Hokkaido University